28.03.2024 - 18.07.2024
online: https://uni-ms.zoom.us/j/68440994551#success

18.00-20.00 Uhr c.t.

Sufism and Suprarationality: The Cognitive Aspects of Islamic Mysticism

Dr. Raid Al-Daghistani

Sufism (taṣawwuf) as a purgative-mystical tradition of Islam can be regarded as one of the paths of realizing the Divine, of knowing God (maʿrifat Allāh). As a way of spiritual purification (sulūk/ṭarīq) and inner knowledge (ʿilm al-bāṭin), Sufism contains a fundamental epistemological dimension. The mystical experience itself can be understood as phenomenology of realization, insofar as mysticism reveals the genesis of realization in its evolution step by step until the absolute or the ultimate knowledge, which is the direct and experiential knowledge of the divine Absolut as the ultimate Reality (gnosis/maʿrifa). Against this background we may indeed speak of a genuinely epistemic mysticism in Islam, in the sense that it represents a domain of numerous different meta- or supra-rational forms of knowing such as “transcendental tasting” (ḏawq), “mystical unveiling” (kashf), “direct vision” (ruʾya), “pure contemplation” (mushāhada) or “divine inspiration” (ilhām). In this respect, the phases of realization represent an inner path or an inner journey, which for the Sufi mystics can be generally accomplished only by the spiritual discipline on the one hand, and by the merciful intervention of the Transcendence on the other hand. The spiritual (the mystical) cannot be found outside of us, in the other, in the alien, but within ourselves, so that according to the famous prophetic tradition, the true self-realization leads to the realization of God as the ultimate ground of our own being.

Critically pursuing the foundations and various manifestations of this process of realization is the main objective of the present series of lectures. This online lecture series, which takes place in the period from March until July 2024, aims at exploring and illuminating various insights drawn from mystical experiences within the Islamic religious tradition. As a result, the present series of lectures focuses on analyzing meta-rational forms of mystical knowledge in Sufism, their conditions, functions and ways of expression. Such analyses necessarily involve transcendental anthropology, spiritual psychology and mystical epistemology. The spiritual-mystical history of Islam, as it is expressed foremost in the tradition of Sufism, offers a wide range of propositions and accounts of mystical experiences. It follows that this lecture series also represents an attempt to grab hold of the mystical itself, i.e. the “mysterious”, the “impervious”, and therefore the “ineffable” from a theoretical and rigorously academic point of view.

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Die Veranstaltung findet online über Zoom statt.

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